MAMMALS

Grey Squirrel (photo Tony Hoskin )

Mammals

By Sue Ashton

Mammals are rarely seen at the Community Woodland, but there is a badger sett on the eastern side of the site so we know that badgers are present and other mammals have occasionally been seen or leave evidence of their presence.

We know from rabbit droppings and digging that rabbits visit the Community Woodland and they are occasionally seen in and around the woodland and sports fields.

Rabbit taken on the edge of the sports field, June 2019 (photo Tony Hoskin)

We also have evidence of visits by deer, both in footprints in the mud and in occasional rubbing and nibbling damage to trees.

 Deer footprint in mud near the willow tunnel in the hazel grove (photo Sue Ashton)

Roe Deer can occasionally be seen on North Curry Moor or at Helland. These two Roe bucks were seen in March 2019 at Helland. Their antlers are still covered in what is known as ‘velvet’ which they rub off on small trees and shrubs. This ‘brashing’, as it is known, can be a problem in young tree plantations which is why tree guards are often used.

Two Roe bucks taken at Helland, March 2019 (photo Tony Hoskin)

Grey squirrels have occasionally been seen at the woodland but are more often seen in the churchyard or in the nearby trees along the Fosse (see banner picture).

Grey squirrel in the churchyard, June 2018 (photo Sue Ashton)

Squirrels are most often seen at the woodland in autumn where they take hazelnuts. Three different individuals were seen at one time in September 2019, undoubtedly feeding on the abundant hazelnut crop.

Squirrel feeding on hazelnuts in September 2019 (photo Toy Hoskin)

Bats have been spotted at dusk flying around the Community Woodland site. We hope they will roost in our bat boxes.

Bat box sited in the south-west corner of the Community Woodland (photo Sue Ashton)

In the winter months, when we put out seed and fat balls to feed the birds, Field Mice were discovered to have nibbled their way into the bird seed store. We also have evidence of voles on site.

This picture was taken in October 2019 and is probably a vole running in and out of a hole in the churchyard wall (photo Tony Hoskin).  It can be hard to distinguish between mice and voles, and a good guide by the Woodland Trust to the differences between them (as well as shrews) can be found at: https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/blog/2019/01/types-of-uk-mice/

Voles are common and widespread, living on grassland, moors and heaths and are active by day and night, feeding on seeds, roots and leaves. Field Mice live in woodlands, grasslands and gardens. They mainly eat tree seeds but will also eat snails, nuts, fruit and berries and can store these in underground burrows.

Nut shells can be a clue to which animals have been feeding. Squirrels generally split a hazelnut shell completely in half, whereas round holes in the shells indicate that mice, voles or dormice have been feeding. Dormice leave a smooth round hole, whereas Field Mice and voles leave tooth marks around the cut edge and mice can make irregular as well as round holes. Great Spotted Woodpeckers also eat hazelnuts, but tend to break the nut into pieces or leave large irregular holes.

Hole  in hazelnut shell probably made by a Field Mouse (photo Tony Hoskin )

Do let us know if you see any mammals at the Community Woodland or evidence of their activity.